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Toddlers are at a time in their life when they experience big emotions, but they do not yet know how to manage them. This comes with time, experience, and support/guidance from others. And sometimes, the causes of tantrums may seem ridiculous to us. For example, my daughter had a full blown tantrum, because Rubble, the dog from Paw Patrol, was yellow and not some other color. However, we should still be careful to not dismiss their feelings when handling tantrums, because they are very real to them.
What Causes Tantrums?
Toddlers are at an age where it can be difficult for them to communicate what their needs are when things do not go their way. Tantrums can be triggered for a number of reasons such as being hungry, being tired (a very common cause in my daughter!), being overstimulated, or needing more independence (Hargis, 2017). My daughter had a tantrum over a need for independence when I tried to help her take her socks off. She started screaming, and then took the socks and put them half way on her foot and then took them back off.
How are Tantrums Expressed?
Tantrums can be expressed in a number of ways such as crying, flailing of arms, bending of the back, throwing things, and even some aggression such as scratching or hitting.
How Do we Handle Tantrums?
Young children thrive on predictability and may become upset if their routine changes. So, it is often helpful to keep routines and schedules consistent. If, there needs to be a disruption or change in that routine, discuss this with the child. For example, if my daughter is watching cartoons right before bedtime, I let her know when it’s almost time for bed and that she only has a few more minutes left to watch cartoons.
Also, be aware of your child’s habits and emotional states. If you know that you are going somewhere, and it may be some time before you get back home for lunch, be sure to bring a snack. This may help prevent a tantrum from being hungry. Also, my child tends to get bored if we are sitting for long periods of time and may get upset when she can’t get up and go. This happens a lot at restaurants. In order to prevent a tantrum from this, I often bring a toy or a book with me to help keep her occupied.
It’s also helpful to avoid triggers. For example, my daughter loves chocolate chip cookies. When she wants them and can’t have them, she does have a tantrum. So, if I know I can’t get her cookies that day in the store, I completely avoid that section.
Tantrums can happen at times even when we do our best to prevent them. When your child is upset and in the midst of a tantrum, logic and explanation will not work. The emotions they are experiencing are coming from the lower part of the brain or parts that are responsible for emotion. Thus, the parts of the brain that are responsible for logic won’t be receptive to any outside explanation.
As quoted from a mother of several children when asked how she handles tantrums:
“You can reason with a child throwing a fit, but a temper tantrum is different and out of control. You can’t reason with a temper tantrum. Left alone with a tantrum, and they’ll hurt themselves or someone else.”
I find the same thing happens when I try to reason with my daughter in the midst of a temper tantrum. It doesn’t work if I try to explain something or use logic. In fact, giving a lot of verbal and physical attention may sometimes lengthen the tantrum. Stay close by and let her know that you are there until the emotions subside.
3.Steps to Take
4.Recover from a Tantrum
As quoted from a mother of 2 children when asked how she handles tantrums:
“Create a distraction with something they like such as a stuffed animal or cartoon. Get the family involved in something fun, the little one usually wants to get involved…”
Tantrums happen, and sometimes, the duration of tantrums can be quite long and exhausting. Be consistent in your methods, and just be you. Be there for them and provide your love and guidance.
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Hargis, A. (2018). Toddler discipline for every age and stage: Effective strategies to tame tantrums, overcome challenges, and help your child grow. Rockridge Press: Emeryville, CA.